Norwegian University of Science and Technology students have developed a smart glove for astronauts that can be used while exploring other planets. NASA partners recently conducted successful testing of the glove at the Haughton Mars Project research station. For more information see the IDTechEx report on New Robotics and Drones 2018-2038: Technologies, Forecasts, Players.
The start-up company Ntention, with NTNU roots, has developed the design and technology behind a smart glove for astronauts. The business partners describe the smart glove as ground-breaking for future human exploration of the moon, Mars - and possibly even other planets.
NASA plans to return to the moon by 2024 with the Artemis programme, and then send astronauts to Mars. As a result of the start-up's project with NASA, astronauts may be equipped with Norwegian-developed smart gloves from Ntention. The human-machine interface technology behind the glove enables communicating with machines via the body. The glove allows astronauts to control drones or other robots using simple hand gestures. The company Ntention today consists of 13 NTNU students, mainly from industrial economics, cybernetics and robotics, as well as industrial design.
The NASA Haughton-Mars Project recently field tested the students' smart gloves. The Mars Institute and the SETI Institute report in a news release that the testing was successful. The NASA Haughton-Mars Project (HMP) is a research facility located on the world's largest uninhabited island, Devon Island in the Arctic. The place is often called Mars on Earth because of its harsh Arctic climate and because it is one of the most Mars-like places on Earth.
Throughout its 23-year history, NASA HMP has made numerous contributions to advances in space research, especially in testing new technologies for space. Devon Island's rugged terrain, cold temperatures and isolation provide unique research opportunities - and challenges like you would run into on a long-distance space mission.
Glove gives astronauts good finger dexterity
An astronaut in space operates in a spacesuit that is relatively rigid and unyielding under pressure. In other words, fine motor activities are not particularly easy in a spacesuit. Hand and finger movements meet with considerable resistance, making it difficult for astronauts to perform tasks such as controlling robots and collecting samples.
"A smart glove-equipped spacesuit could be a solution," says Dr. Pascal Lee in the press release. He is a space scientist at the Mars Institute and director of the NASA Haughton-Mars Project.
Seamless function between humans and machines
In the "Astronaut Smart Glove", the sensitivity of hand motions is adjustable and can be set high. "Our philosophy is to create technology that makes the human-machine interface intuitive and seamless. With this glove, the astronaut can easily control a variety of robots, making research and exploration of other planets more efficient," says NTNU student Moina Medbøe Tamuly, co-founder and co-CEO of Ntention. He was a field participant this summer during the glove testing on Devon Island. "Now, we're excited to see that our technology has potential applications for space exploration," says Tamuly.
"The smart glove uses a microcontroller to read different kinds of sensors," says NTNU student Sondre Tagestad. He is the system development engineer at Ntention and was a field participant at the test station on Devon Island, where he was the technical leader for hardware and software in the prototype "Astronaut Smart Glove." The sensors capture even subtle motions of the hand and fingers and wirelessly transfer them to a mobile device that controls the drone or any other robot.
Next generation spacesuits
"Astronauts need spacesuits that make it easy for them to interact with their environment, including performing complex and delicate tasks," says Dr. Greg Quinn, head of Collins Aerospace, which is working with NASA on the development of future spacesuits.
The Devon Island testing team evaluated the "Astronaut Smart Glove" technology through a series of field trials involving remote drone operations. Astronauts on the Moon or Mars could use drones for mapping, to collect samples that are out of reach of the astronauts, or to assist in search and rescue operations. The field tests demonstrated how an astronaut in a spacesuit could easily perform several important research tasks using the smart glove and an augmented reality (AR) visualization interface.
"We call this the future interaction between humans and machines," says Frank Øygard. He works with product and development strategy in Ntention.
"We're working to develop technology that lets machines understand humans, rather than humans being able to use and understand how machines work," says Øygard.
A lot of researchers have been working on this idea for quite some time, but according to the team, it has been difficult to achieve this in an effective way. "Technology has been missing an important link, and we're building the link between computers and humans," says Tamuly.
To achieve this, Ntention is creating smart software that analyses people's actions and movements and then translates them so that the machine can interpret the information.
Possible paradigm shift
"We believe that the technology we're developing could represent a paradigm shift. Our system is much more intuitive than the rigid controller used in a lot of contexts. We're able to incorporate more sensors and more data into our glove technology and scale it all up so that the glove becomes a finely tuned controller," says Fran Øygard. "Over time, we can include other types of sensors and build interaction systems that can handle increasingly complex tasks," he adds.
The founders say that the technology can be used in many contexts, not just for space applications. The construction industry is an example of another field it can prove useful for. In this area, Ntention has worked closely with Norconsult, where they have replaced conventional VR controllers with gloves. These gloves allow the user to interact with building models in VR in a more intuitive way. You can touch walls or columns and get live data about the building, such as what materials were used, for example.
"Actually, the technology can be used in all industries that use VR and AR," says Øygard.
Source and top image: Norwegian University of Science and Technology